Alcohol Myths

Scientific research with animals has contributed to many important advances in
scientific and medical knowledge. When using animal models, scientists first must
choose an animal appropriate to their research. Scientists studying genetics often
use fruit flies (Drosophila myths about alcoholism melanogaster) because they have a short
generation time. However, fruit flies are not a good model to use when investigating
aspects of mammalian physiology. A drink can be one 12-ounce beer, one 5-ounce glass of wine, or 1.5
ounces of 80-proof distilled liquor.

Unfortunately, alcoholism or AUD can be fatal without proper care or treatment, whether from alcohol poisoning, an alcohol-related injury, or alcohol-related health issues (like liver failure or cancer). Utilizing the NIAA’s alcohol spending calculator, we average that someone who drinks six ten-dollar drinks five days a week will spend almost $16,000 a year just on alcohol. At the first meeting, I didn’t acknowledge I was an alcoholic–I simply said I had a “drinking problem.” Denial ran me right back into the bar.

Alcohol Use, Abuse, and Alcoholism: Definitions

The genetic influence on alcoholism is described as being polygenic,
meaning that there is more than one gene influencing the trait. Scientific
research has identified regions on many chromosomes (1, 2, 3, 4, 7,
11, 15, and 16) that may predispose an individual to alcoholism.16, 18, 32, 50 In addition, other regions on chromosome 4 may help protect an
individual from alcoholism. One such region is near the location of the genes
for the ADH enzyme (see “The cardiovascular system,” on page 36). This is
especially interesting because certain alleles, or versions of the
ADH gene, have been shown to reduce the risk for alcoholism in Chinese and
Japanese populations.

Macioce said perception of alcohol consumption on campus changed during her sophomore year when many sophomores joined a Greek house. More than 120 years after Smith’s graduation in 1902, drinking culture on campus still remains an issue at the forefront of Dartmouth life. A 12-ounce bottle of regular beer (about 5 percent alcohol by volume) has the same amount of alcohol as a 5-ounce glass of wine (about 12 percent alcohol by volume), or 1.5 ounce shot of liquor or distilled spirits (about 40 percent alcohol by volume). It takes about 2 hours for the adult body to eliminate the alcohol content of a single drink, depending on your weight. Drinking responsibly doesn’t just come down to the amount you consume, but also how you consume it.

Once People Give Abusing Alcohol Their Problems Are Over

During periods of high BAC, about 5 percent
of the alcohol is excreted in breath and another 5 percent in urine, with
negligible amounts excreted in sweat and feces. There has been
considerable interest in understanding the potential protective mechanisms
relating to religiosity and how that understanding might inform
substance-related interventions (Miller,
1998). The U.S. National Alcohol Survey (Michalak et al., 2007) identified complex interactions
and differences in the predictors of (a) alcohol use versus abstinence and
(b) heavy alcohol use versus moderate use. Also, considerable
variations existed by denomination (e.g., Muslims and Mormons, who eschewed
alcohol use, as opposed to Catholics and Jews, who accepted it).

cultural myths about alcoholism

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